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Author (up) Gaião, Raul Leal url  openurl
  Title Fundamentação teórica e caracterização dos métodos de ensino das línguas Type Journal Article
  Year 1999 Publication Admnistração Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume VI - 1999-2.º Issue 44 Pages 353-364  
  Abstract The teaching or learning of a foreign language is an art that undergoes constant redefinition. It is difficult to evaluate the efficiency of a 619 teaching process but neither is it easy to assess a particular method. A scientific era of language teaching settles its foundation in the concept of learning and in the scientific notion of language. In this article, four teaching methods with different objectives are being discussed. They are the audio-oral method, the audiovisual method, the communicative method and the natural method. The audiooral method aims to create automatism in oral capacity. Learners listen, imitate and repeat the second language without the aid of translation. As a result they are able to speak spontaneously. For the audiovisual method, learners use books and audiovisual materials such as films to familiarize themselves with the basic use of the second language. They listen, repeat, understand and memorize dialogues through exercises and games. The communicative approach concentrates on the nature of language. Through autonomous exercises and partial memorization, learners study rules for construction of sentences. They obtain the capacity to communicate according to a particular intention and situation. They think and form their own statements instead of mere imitations. Auxiliary tools are books, authentic documents and audiovisual materials. The last method is called a natural approach. It intents to develop the capacity of comprehension and communication, stressing that
people are able to acquire a second language only when they truly understand and know how to use it. The content corresponds to the needs and interests of the learners, who do not have to memorize grammatical rules. The learning process is an unconscious one, just like a child acquiring his mother tongue. Supporting materials are radio, television and publications and other visual means. Despite the fact that all these methods tend to find a linguistic or psychological foundation, the resulting scientific status is only a provisionary one. The learning and teaching of language remain distinct from linguistics and psychology. The art of teaching lies in the process when a student learns a language with the help of a teacher.
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Direcção dos Serviços de Administrção e Função Pública de Macau Place of Publication Macau Editor  
  Language Português Summary Language Português Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number PL @ p1401473 @ Serial 138  
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